• Original and Modern Uses of Antique Pressed Glass

    Credit: Sean George

  • Original and Modern Uses of Antique Pressed Glass

    Credit: Sean George

  • Old Bethpage Bar Room, Assorted Pattern Glass Bitters Size Decanters

    Credit: Bill Morrison

  • Corning Glass Works, Corning, New York

    circa 1906

  • Unequivocal Vintage 1856 Glassware

    Credit: Maynard E. Steiner

Phyllis Petcoff  
Phyllis Petcoff   
Brad Gougeon  
Brad Gougeon     
Steven Skeim  
Steven Skeim  

              

Members of the Early American Pattern Glass Society have a continuing goal of compiling "Pattern Profiles" on various named patterns.

These profiles consist of information on the manufacturer, dates of manufacture, forms, colors, sizes, reproductions made, and other information pertaining to the pattern.

Guidelines have been established to assist a writer in the preparation of a Pattern Profile and also to create a consistency in the information presented.  Download the template here. You are encouraged to submit your profile to the review committee lead by Phyllis Petcoff, phyllis@petcoff.com and assisted by Brad Gougeon and Steven Skeim.


Completed Pattern Profiles



 

 

 

 


Pattern Profile Guidelines

Members of the Early American Pattern Glass Society have a continuing goal of compiling "Pattern Profiles" on various named patterns. These profiles consist of information on the manufacturer, dates of manufacture, forms, colors, sizes, reproductions made, and other information pertaining to the pattern. As new information is discovered, it is added to the file.

To ensure some degree of consistency in format and quality, the Profile Committee has adopted the following guidelines and standards for authors of pattern profiles.

It is assumed that authors will write these profiles based upon personal expertise they have developed through collecting a specific pattern, or group of patterns, complemented by research conducted through already published materials, or by original research involving such sources as trade publications, advertisements, newspaper articles, or factory records. Throughout each profile, authors should clearly state what material is presented based upon the personal collecting experience, and what is presented based upon the published literature. Authors should follow the outline as closely as possible, entering information below each section heading.

It is highly unlikely that any one profile will be the definitive word on a pattern. Publication of a pattern profile will undoubtedly prompt additional contributions, corrections, or ideas from other readers, which may then be published as addenda in subsequent issues of the News Journal.

While the committee has made every effort to develop these guidelines to meet most circumstances, questions may occasionally arise about pieces that seem to defy ordinary cataloging. The Profile Committee will be glad to help in such cases. Moreover, as time goes on and as such problems come to light, some adjustments in the guidelines may become necessary.

I Pattern Name

Include (1) the original manufacturer's name, if known; (2) the names(s) by which the pattern is commonly known; and (3) the source of the commonly used name(s), if this can be determined.

II Manufacturer

Wherever possible, identify the manufacturer(s) of the pattern, who made the attribution, and on what basis? If making a new attribution, document it by including such evidence as the existence of a trade catalog in which the pattern appears, advertisements, the presence of shards at the factory sites, etc.

Ill Date(s) of Production

Include the date or range of dates for the manufacture of the pattern, again citing sources for the information if it is from already published material, or the basis for the dating if it is being proposed by the author. If relevant, the author might also mention conflicting opinions on the dating.

IV Nature of the Glass and Range of Colors

Identify the nature of the glass, its decoration, and the range of colors or stains in which the pattern may be found. This might include such categorizations as flint, non-flint, opalescent, etched, and the various colors or stains employed. It is particularly important here to differentiate between the collecting experience and what has been written in published sources. For example, if the author of a profile has in his or her collection an item in a previously undocumented color, this should be noted. Conversely, if a published source lists the pattern's availability in a color that the author has never encountered, this, too, should be mentioned.

V List of Known Pieces

This section should be a detailed list of the items in which the pattern may be found, based principally upon the author's personal collecting experience. Thus, only items which the author can personally document through photographs, should it become necessary, should be included. Each entry must include the name of the form (goblet, covered sugar bowl...), distinguishing characteristics (color, staining...), measurements (to the nearest 1/8"; see measurement guidelines below), type of handle (applied or pressed), and other significant features.

Immediately following the list, the author should mention forms listed in published sources, or even in trade catalogues that they have not personally encountered and cannot at the moment document. Those published sources should again be cited. Authors should also note which items in their list are previously unlisted in the literature.

VI Reproductions

If the pattern has been reproduced, has the manufacturer of the reproduction been identified, and by whom? If not, what is the source for the belief that reproductions do indeed exist? What are the differences between original items and the reproductions? If a reproduction has been rumored, but not documented, has the author encountered suspect pieces, and on what basis are they questionable?

VII References

A list of bibliographic or archival sources the author has used in preparing the profile must be included, and citations should be as complete as possible. Minimally, this should include author, title, publisher, place and date of publication, edition, page numbers, illustration numbers, and volume numbers (for journals).

VIII Photographs

In each profile include at least one digital photograph of a representative piece or a group of items in the pattern. Also, photographs of previously undocumented or seemingly unique items should be submitted. In the case of reproductions, comparative photographs of original and reproduced items would be helpful. All photographs should be in digital format and well-focused. (Notes on digital photography of glass can be found at the end of this article) These photographs will be kept in the EAPGS Pattern Profile files.

IX Author's Commentary and Personal Profile

In this section, authors may state their personal theories or opinions about their pattern, i.e. things they "feel" may be true, but presently cannot be proven. They might also include "hearsay" information, such as unlisted items in their pattern that they have been told exist, but have not experienced directly and/or for which there is no photographic evidence.

At the conclusion of the entry, authors should submit a brief statement about their collecting experience, particularly the length of time they have been pursuing their particular pattern. How did the collection begin? What is the author's profession? Please limit this to 250 words.

 Pattern Profiles-Guidelines for Measuring Glass Items
  1. Make measurements to the nearest 1/4"
  2. Use the following abbreviations in recording measurements: h=height, l=length, w=width, d=diameter, sq-square (as in a 9" sq plate)
  3. Typically, each item will have one, two, or three measurements- height, length, width, or diameter. For height, measure from base to rim, exclusive of projections such as spouts or scallops. Measure diameter from outside rim to outside rim. The following examples should clarify the meaning of this in most cases.

For goblets, wines, and other stemware, tumblers, open compotes, cake stands, spooners, celeries, pitchers, creamers, egg cups, and toothpicks, measure in height and diameter (e.g. 6 1/2"h, 3 1/4"d).

For covered items, measure in height without cover, height with cover, and diameter (6 3/4"h, 6 3/4"d without cover; 9 1/2"h, with lid). For two-part items such as punch bowls with separate bases, measure each item individually.

For plates, platters, and trays, measure following manner-

  • round items-diameter, followed by the word "round" (9" round)
  • oval items- length and width, followed by the word "oval" (12"l, 7" oval)
  • square items- width, followed by "sq" (9" sq)
  • rectangular items- length and width, followed by the word "rectangular" (9 1/2" l, 61/4", rectangular)

For banana stands and pedestaled rectangular compotes, and similar forms, measure in height, length, and width (6 3/4h, 11"l, 8 1/4" w)

  • If an item such as a cake stand is tilted on its base, record the height as the average of the highest and lowest points at the rim.
  • Record and explain additional measurements where necessary to describe variations within a pattern or to differentiate between originals and reproductions, e.g. the width of the clear band above the design on a goblet, or the height of the stem on a goblet which has been reproduced.
Suggestions for digital photography of glass

Glass is best photographed when backlit with no flash.  The most basic way would place the glass on a window sill and take the photo from inside looking out.  The background should not include a distracting landscape.   Another way is to use a translucent sheet of plastic, place a diffused light source behind it, the glass object in front, and take a photo.

There are web sites about the photography of glass. This site is basic and informative for the beginner.http://www.tabletopstudio.com/documents/glass_photography.htm

Revised 2016, Phyllis Petcoff
Compiled by Mel Lader, Pattern Profiles Chair, Early American Pattern Glass Society (1997-2005)